Teeth Braces Reviews

How human teeth have evolved.

When it comes to our teeth most of us only really think about them when we have our regular check-ups or develop a problem with them. If you need a dentist then SJR Dental are a private dentist Leicester located .Other than that, we merrily go through our daily lives cleaning and flossing our teeth without really giving them a second thought. However, they are not only unique to each individual and are used to identify people who have died, but also help to tell the story of human evolution.

Throughout the centuries our teeth in terms of their type and placement in our mouths has changed as a result of the adaptations that have occurred in or diets.  The best way to look at how this has occurred is to go through each tooth type in turn.

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Molars – these are the set of teeth that are found at the back of the mouth and are larger than the others with a flatter surface area. Their primary function is for chewing and grinding food. They are incredibly strong and have longer roots that the other teeth. Their strength and design mean they are perfect for chewing plant-based foods as these have strong cell walls and so are harder to break up in the mouth. Most of us find that we tend to get cavities at one point or another in these molars. This is because we spend most of our time chewing food using these teeth. Early man would also have used the molars more than the other teeth.

Incisors – these are the front four teeth on both the upper and lower jaw. Although these are incredibly strong the teeth structure is thinner than others. The main purpose of these teeth is to rip though meat before passing through the mouth for the other teeth to chew. In animals that are pure carnivores you will find that all, or the majority, of their teeth will be of an incisor variety. In omnivores such as ourselves all teeth types are present. Early man would have had incisors, but these would have been used very rarely when a meat source was hunted, they have developed further as our diets have become more meat based.

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Canines – these are the pointy teeth that you can feel on either side of the incisors. They are used as clamps to hold meat into place whilst the incisors work to rip into it. They anchor the food items into place to prevent them from moving around as we try to bite them. Canines have changed in length and in the sharpness of the points over the years based on the main food source that was being consumed and is one of the great indicators of our dietary evolution.

Bicuspid – these are the smaller, molar type teeth that you find next to the canines in the mouth. They are designed to be utilised in the same way as molars to grind and chew food although in modern humans they are mostly used as a way to move food sources back to the lower molars. Early humans who had mainly meat-based diets would have used the bicuspids to further grind the meat after it had been torn off by the incisors.

What to do if your tooth falls out

Having one of your teeth fall out unexpectedly either as a result of some kind of impact perhaps from a fall or sports collision can be incredibly scary. An emergency call to a dentist will see you in the hands of a professional in no time who will be able to assess any damage to your tooth and gums and sort the problem for you which may include the need for Dental Implants. If implants are needed you should look for an Immediate Implant Cardiff business that has the knowledge and expertise to conduct this for you.

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As distressing as these incidents can be there are some things that you can do to help, as long as you can remain calm. The advice for what to do when a tooth is knocked out depends on the age of the tooth. If you are unsure of whether the tooth is a baby tooth or an adult one you should place the tooth in a small amount of milk or even better the saliva from the persons who’s tooth it is and keep in a container for your visit to the dentist.

If it is baby tooth that is knocked out, you should not try to put it back into place as you can damage the adult tooth that is growing beneath the surface. Instead you should try to keep your child calm and try to reduce and stop any blood that is coming from the wound. It is still important that you arrange for a visit to the dentist to check whether the tooth came out cleanly or whether there is a small amount of the tooth or root remaining in the gums.

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When it is an adult tooth that is knocked out there are a number of things to do in order to give you the best opportunity to have the tooth implanted back into your gums. You should hold the tooth by the crown (the white area) and never touch the root section as you can damage it, if the tooth has fallen on the floor you can run it under cold water but for no more than ten seconds. Once it has been cleaned you can try to place the tooth back into the hole in the gum, if this happens easily you should bite down gently on a clean cloth to hold the tooth in place whilst you travel to the dentist. If the tooth does not go back into the hole in the gum easily you should place it in either milk or your own saliva and take it with you to the dentist.

Braces for Adults

Teeth Braces

There are lots of dental braces that can be used by the grown up people without any abashment.These braces are exclusively made for the adults in which they can be used with utmost comfortableness. Dentists also suggest that the Orthodontic treatment is much better to do in the childhood days in which our jaws and teeth are not completely developed and easy to correct the alignment of the teeth if it has some deformities.The details of different types of adult braces are given below.

  • The most popular type of orthodontic treatment which are also not much expensive are the fixed braces which are positioned on the front part of the teeth and the movement of the teeth is adjusted with the help of wires.The whole treatment would normally take 1-2 years which also depends upon the condition of the patient.The braces are normally tightened by the dentist on a monthly basis.
  • The other type is called ceramic fixed braces which resembles the natural colour of the teeth so that you can easily go into the crowds without any abashment
  • Lingual braces are the other type which you can wear which are fixed to the back of the teeth which cannot be easily observed by another people.
  • The best braces for the adults are the new generation clear braces. The great advantage of these braces are they are not fixed on your teeth instead they can be removed as to your wish but the dentists recommend normally to wear 18 hours a day.The 2nd advantage is that they are less noticeable and they are much hygienic compared to other braces.

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Developmental variations of the teeth

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Your teeth are some of the first things people notice when they meet you, and therefore people with dental issues often feel uncomfortable about their smile which consequently results in lack of self-esteem and self-confidence. According to a recent survey in U.S, majority of the  pointed that crooked teeth leave a negative first impression. And, almost all of people agree that those with healthy straight teeth are treated better in social situations than those with perceptibly crooked teeth.

Dental Braces are a potent tool used in orthodontics to coordinate teeth and their position with regard to your bite and for correcting dental problems such as crooked teeth, under bites, overbites and various other flaws of teeth. They are plastic or metal brackets that are fixed to your teeth and connected with wires that can be tightened according to the necessity. The two principal constituents of your braces are: the brackets that are pieces of shaped metal or ceramic attached to your teeth and the main string or wire that connects them.

Dental braces usually come in different forms:

Traditional Braces – Traditional braces are the most commonly used one among the different types of braces. This mainly consist of one small bracket glued to the front part of each tooth. A band is used in the molars to help sustainibility. Generally, brackets come in a number of different materials such as metal,ceramic and gold.

Invisalign – This mainly includes a clear plastic brace that consists of plastic trays, commonly called aligners, customized to fit each tooth. Invisalign braces can be removed and can be adjusted every two weeks or so. This type of braces is not recommended for children.

Self-Ligating Braces – Self-ligating braces, also referred to as speed braces, do not require ligatures or small bands which are usually used to keep the wires in place. This, as a result, creates less friction in between the wires and brackets.

Lingual Braces – Lingual brackets would be the apt type of braces for people who do no wish to appear wearing metals on their teeth. Lingual braces are actually installed behind the teeth, thus making it impossible to detect even at close vicinity.

Infection of other body structures

Infection of the mouth can spread to neighboring structures leading to the following:

  • Parotitis:- Inflammation of the parotid gland.
  • Sinusitis:- Inflammation of the sinus cavity.
  • Otitis media:- Inflammation of the middle ear.
  • Adenitis:- Inflammation of the lymph glands especially adenoids.
  • Tonsillitis:- inflammation of the tonsils.

Systemic Infections
The streptococci which are a normal inhabitant of the oral cavity enter into the pulp cavity of the teeth. Pus is formed in the pulp cavity that becomes a focus of infection and spread to the distant parts of the body via blood stream causing various systemic diseases such as the following:

  • Rheumatic arthritis:- Inflammation of the joints.
  • Bacterial endocarditis:- Inflammation of the endocardium.
  • Nephritis:- Inflammation of the kidneys.
  • Gastritis:- Inflammation of the stomach.
  •  Anorexia:- Loss of appetite.

Common problems of the oral cavity

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The oral cavity is an ideal place for bacterial growth by providing warmth, moisture, food supply from the residual foods on and between the teeth and a protected environment. The number of bacteria in the mouth depends upon the degree of cleanliness of the mouth. A neglected mouth can cause various types of infection in the oral cavity.

Halitosis:- It is the offensive odour of breath. It may be an early indication of either poor oral hygiene or health problem, such as gastrointestinal tract disorder. An offensive breath odour caused by inadequate oral hygiene can be alleviated with cleansing of the teeth and oral mucosa. If the origin of the halitosis is systemic, oral hygiene will not remove the odour.

Dental caries:- It is a destructive process causing decalcification of the enamel and dentin with resulting cavitation of the tooth. When the enamel barrier is breached, cavities are developed. Dental caries is a disease of the calcified structure of the tooth.
Bacillus acidophilus, a normal inhabitant of the mouth cavity acts on the carbohydrate material that has been left on the surfaces, pits and fissures of the teeth. Lactic acid is produced which dissolves the tooth structure and form cavities in the teeth. When these cavities reach the pulp, pain ensures and the pulp cavity dies. Once the decay has started there is no cure.

Dental plaque:- It is a soft thin film of food debris, mucin and dead epithelial cells that is deposited on the teeth and provides a medium for the growth of bacteria. Freshly deposited plaque is transparent unless it is stained brown by tobacco, coffee or tea. When old dental plaque is present the teeth appear dull with dinges and yellowish cast.

Calculus or tartar:- When dental plaque remains on the teeth it becomes hardened (calcified) and forms calculus or tartar. Tartar is a yellowish film of calcium phosphate, carbonate, food particles and other organic matter deposited on the teeth by saliva. Calculus must be removed by using dental instruments. Calculus is the primary cause of gum diseases and dental caries.

Bottle mouth syndrome:- Infant’s dental caries can be caused by allowing the infant to go to bed with a bottle filled with a liquid other than water.

Periodontal diseases or pyorrhea:- It is the pus formation in the sockets of the teeth. This is the common cause for loss of teeth in people over 40 years of age. It develops in four stages.
First stage: Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums usually manifested by the primary symptom of bleeding from the gums. It is an early stage of periodontal disease. Gingivitis may result from waste products and toxins from organisms in the mouth which may cause initial injury. Then, when plaque and bacteria accumulates they form calculus which contains more micro organisms and causes further gingivitis. Those at increased risk of gingivitis include people who breathe through the mouth, diabetic people who use orthodontic devices (e.g. braces) and people who experience hormonal fluctuations (adolescents, pregnant women and those taking oral contraceptives).
Second stage (Periodontitis): Chronic gingivitis causes the inflammation to spread and destroy the underlying bone causing Periodontitis.
Third stage: Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis develops which causes mobility of the teeth, purulent discharges and tissue atrophy. It may pain severely.
Fourth stage: In this stage there is destruction of the teeth supporting structure. The periodontium atrophies so that the gums appear to have receded completely away from the tooth. Without adequate supporting structures, the tooth may become very loosely attached or falls out.

Sordes:- Brown crust which are formed on the teeth and lips are called sordes. It is a collection of food, mucus and bacteria. Lack of oral hygiene, insufficient intake of fluid in illness, drying of mucus membrane in case of mouth breathing are the common causes of formation of sore and crusts on the teeth and gums.

Cheilosis:- It is the cracking or ulceration of the lips and angles of the mouth. It can occur in riboflavin deficiency. Lack of stimulation of the flow of saliva also can lead to drying of the mouth and cracking of lips.

Bleeding gums:- I can occur in vitamin C deficiency (scurvy), use of hard and stiff brush for brushing the teeth.

Glossitis:- It is an inflammation of the tongue.

Root abscess:- It is pus formation in the root of the teeth.

Cancrum oris:- It is gangrenous stomatitis.

Stomatitis:- It is the inflammation of the mucus membrane of the mouth. This can occur in the following people:§ Those who receive drugs such as anticholinergics that cause decreased salivation resulting in dry mouth.
§ Those who have poor oral hygiene.
§ Those who have an immune deficiency.
§ Those who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer.

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Healthy Diet Leads To Healthy Teeth

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good and controlled diet always leads to healthy teeth.You can take advice from dentist that what all foods you can and cannot have for the healthy teeth.The forbidden foods will be hard candies,starchy foods,chewy foods like caramel toffees,sugary sodas etc.These foods remain in the teeth for a long time even if you have finished eating them.Then there will be a hike in the harmful bacteria which will drill through the enamel finally causing tooth decay,gum disease,cavities etc.

Really,dental problems can be prevented with a diet that will reduce dental diseases.People whose saliva contains more vitamin K are less susceptible to oral diseases.Vitamin K is called as one of the key nutrients for dental health and vitamin K causes the deposition of calcium in the teeth which in turn renders strength to the teeth.
Common Sources of Vitamin K are:

  • Liver
  • Fats of grazing animals
  • Egg Yolk
  • Cheese and butter

There is an another Asian product (Mostly seen in Japanese markets) called Nato a soy product which is fermented to render high quantity of Vitamin K.

A diet that includes cod liver oil and butter oil which contains high quantities of vitamins are found to prevent the tooth decay.If this diet is made completely without any sugar helps the teeth to rebuild itself naturally.To speed up the healing process some dentists use a drop of a combination of cod liver oil and butter oil as a part of treatment.

A proper and healthy diet are needed for a baby to build up a strong and wide palate.If the baby is not nourished with proper diet there is a greater chance for the formation of large palate causing to emerge misaligned teeth which ultimately lead to dental braces in children.These dental braces in children can be avoided when the baby is properly nutrified from the earlier stages of development that is from the foetal stages to the first years of his life for a strong and wide palate.

It is clear from these facts that you can build up strong teeth with a proper diet and avoid most of the dental problems in the earlier stages of life itself.Eating right food can surely fight against oral diseases.

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Dental Problems of Aged People

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Dental care is very important for all aged people since the lose of one permanent tooth is the loss forever.And the older people have much complicated and different types of dental problems compared with the younger people. Even so,proper dental care from the small age itself can prevent most of the dental problems.

One of the most common dental problems that the older people face are the cavities. Dry mouth is the one condition that ultimately lead to tooth decay and one of the cause of dry mouth is any kind of medication taken by the elder people.As part of the ageing process they may start to notice their gums receding exposing the root of the tooth to the cavities.If the older people doesn’t had the benefit of having fluoridated water during their younger days,the chance of weakening the teeth are more.

People of this age may experience tooth sensitivity to the utmost temperatures,sweet and sour foods etc. due to the gum recession exposing the tooth root.Brushing with formulated toothpastes and using fluoridated oral products can somehow minimize the tooth sensitivity.The much better option is to do a soft tissue graft by consulting a dentist.

Senior citizens are more at the risk of oral cancer than the younger people and their life long habit of smoking and drinking increases the chance for this disease.It should be brought to the attention of a doctor immediately if a lesion or sore is seen in the mouth.

The most common problem with the elderly people is the loosening of teeth.A better suggestion to this problem is to consult a Periodontist who will recommend a thorough checkup.

Older adults who are fitted with dentures sometimes feel some discomfort with the fitting of dentures.This is because the bones and gums that support dentures also begin to loose strength and change shape as you get older.Take the dentures to the dentist as soon as possible rather than to correct it yourself.

The problem of the teeth will eventually lead to Malnutrition since the older people mostly have the problems of chewing and swallowing.So it is much better to have a balanced type of eating habit which include a lot of grains,fruits and vegetables and limit your intake of salt.Regular consultation (normally once in 6 months) with the dentist is the only way to save your teeth.

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How to whiten your teeth with activated charcoal remedy?

Many people dream that their smile was perfect, and their teeth – even and snow-white. At the same time, this cannot boast of many. Coffee, strong tea, cigarettes, sweets, red wine, poor ecology, eating soft food and a poorly balanced diet – all this affects our teeth and changes them not for the better. By the recognition of dentists, the state of the teeth of a modern person is not any better than our ancestors several centuries ago.

How at home to conduct a test for whiteness of teeth?

Dreaming of a radiant white smile, people often resort to the help of dentists. Those, in turn, offer them a procedure for professional teeth whitening. In the course of it, as a rule, the teeth are ground, then they are applied with a special gel and are exposed to a laser or special lamps. At the end of the procedure, to strengthen the enamel, the doctor applies a special coating on the teeth, the main component of which is fluoride.

However, this procedure is quite expensive, and few can afford it, so those who want to save, but still achieve a white result, can whiten their teeth themselves.

Activated charcoal methods of teeth whitening at home

For self-bleaching of teeth at home, activated charcoal remedy is best to use. Some people are suitable for themselves, others for others. However, do not forget that before resorting to this or that remedy, it is not superfluous to consult a dentist and make sure that you do not have any allergies to activated charcoal. You can also get more information about activated charcoal for teeth in here Discover charcoal toothpaste.

Activated charcoal remedies are not as harmless as they may seem. Each of them should be treated with care, because there is always a chance to overdo it or misuse it. In addition, a dentist prescribes professional treatment or whitening, while taking into account the state of the enamel and the body as a whole.

With activated charcoal, things are quite simple. If it gets into the stomach or on the mucous membranes, then there will be no harm. But here using it too often for teeth whitening, you run the risk of damaging the enamel.

The fact is that some people, believing in the myth of safety, begin to whiten their teeth with activated charcoal every day. This weakens the enamel because of what it becomes more sensitive, and this increases the risk of caries, the appearance of cracks, which, of course, leads to unpleasant sensations.

In addition, remember that when brushing teeth with activated charcoal powder, do not put too much pressure on the brush, as this will only increase the risk of scratching the enamel. And various damages on the tooth surface are an excellent place for the accumulation of food, pigment and bacterial remains, which means that the pledge that a full-fledged hole may appear in the future.

Whitening with activated charcoal is not recommended for people who wear or recently removed braces. Also, it is not suitable for those who already have damages on the enamel.

Do not use activated charcoal more than once or twice a week and it is best to combine the procedure with strengthening the enamel.

Ideal requirements of Orthodontic arch wires

Orthodontic treatment with arch wires has got inevitable features of wires that has to be remembered and some of these features are given below:-

  • Spring Back:It is the measure of how far a wire can be deflected without causing permanent deformation.It is also called elastic deflection.
  • Stiffness:The presence of a low stiffness provides the ability to apply lower forces and a more constant force over time.
  • Formability:The arch wire has to exhibit high formability so as to bend into desired configuration such as coils,loops etc without fracturing the wire.
  • Resilience:It is the amount of force the wire can withstand before permanent deformation.
  • Biocompatibility and Environmental stability:Orthodontic arch wires should exhibit resistance to tarnish and corrosion and should be non-toxic.The material should maintain its desirable properties for extended periods of time after manufacture.
  • Joinability:The wire should be amenable to soldering and welding
  • Friction:The Arch wire should provide least friction at the wire-bracket interface.
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