Teeth Braces Reviews

Common problems of the oral cavity

Orthodontic braces

The oral cavity is an ideal place for bacterial growth by providing warmth, moisture, food supply from the residual foods on and between the teeth and a protected environment. The number of bacteria in the mouth depends upon the degree of cleanliness of the mouth. A neglected mouth can cause various types of infection in the oral cavity.

Halitosis:- It is the offensive odour of breath. It may be an early indication of either poor oral hygiene or health problem, such as gastrointestinal tract disorder. An offensive breath odour caused by inadequate oral hygiene can be alleviated with cleansing of the teeth and oral mucosa. If the origin of the halitosis is systemic, oral hygiene will not remove the odour.

Dental caries:- It is a destructive process causing decalcification of the enamel and dentin with resulting cavitation of the tooth. When the enamel barrier is breached, cavities are developed. Dental caries is a disease of the calcified structure of the tooth.
Bacillus acidophilus, a normal inhabitant of the mouth cavity acts on the carbohydrate material that has been left on the surfaces, pits and fissures of the teeth. Lactic acid is produced which dissolves the tooth structure and form cavities in the teeth. When these cavities reach the pulp, pain ensures and the pulp cavity dies. Once the decay has started there is no cure.

Dental plaque:- It is a soft thin film of food debris, mucin and dead epithelial cells that is deposited on the teeth and provides a medium for the growth of bacteria. Freshly deposited plaque is transparent unless it is stained brown by tobacco, coffee or tea. When old dental plaque is present the teeth appear dull with dinges and yellowish cast.

Calculus or tartar:- When dental plaque remains on the teeth it becomes hardened (calcified) and forms calculus or tartar. Tartar is a yellowish film of calcium phosphate, carbonate, food particles and other organic matter deposited on the teeth by saliva. Calculus must be removed by using dental instruments. Calculus is the primary cause of gum diseases and dental caries.

Bottle mouth syndrome:- Infant’s dental caries can be caused by allowing the infant to go to bed with a bottle filled with a liquid other than water.

Periodontal diseases or pyorrhea:- It is the pus formation in the sockets of the teeth. This is the common cause for loss of teeth in people over 40 years of age. It develops in four stages.
First stage: Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums usually manifested by the primary symptom of bleeding from the gums. It is an early stage of periodontal disease. Gingivitis may result from waste products and toxins from organisms in the mouth which may cause initial injury. Then, when plaque and bacteria accumulates they form calculus which contains more micro organisms and causes further gingivitis. Those at increased risk of gingivitis include people who breathe through the mouth, diabetic people who use orthodontic devices (e.g. braces) and people who experience hormonal fluctuations (adolescents, pregnant women and those taking oral contraceptives).
Second stage (Periodontitis): Chronic gingivitis causes the inflammation to spread and destroy the underlying bone causing Periodontitis.
Third stage: Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis develops which causes mobility of the teeth, purulent discharges and tissue atrophy. It may pain severely.
Fourth stage: In this stage there is destruction of the teeth supporting structure. The periodontium atrophies so that the gums appear to have receded completely away from the tooth. Without adequate supporting structures, the tooth may become very loosely attached or falls out.

Sordes:- Brown crust which are formed on the teeth and lips are called sordes. It is a collection of food, mucus and bacteria. Lack of oral hygiene, insufficient intake of fluid in illness, drying of mucus membrane in case of mouth breathing are the common causes of formation of sore and crusts on the teeth and gums.

Cheilosis:- It is the cracking or ulceration of the lips and angles of the mouth. It can occur in riboflavin deficiency. Lack of stimulation of the flow of saliva also can lead to drying of the mouth and cracking of lips.

Bleeding gums:- I can occur in vitamin C deficiency (scurvy), use of hard and stiff brush for brushing the teeth.

Glossitis:- It is an inflammation of the tongue.

Root abscess:- It is pus formation in the root of the teeth.

Cancrum oris:- It is gangrenous stomatitis.

Stomatitis:- It is the inflammation of the mucus membrane of the mouth. This can occur in the following people:§ Those who receive drugs such as anticholinergics that cause decreased salivation resulting in dry mouth.
§ Those who have poor oral hygiene.
§ Those who have an immune deficiency.
§ Those who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer.

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Healthy Diet Leads To Healthy Teeth

teeth whitening

good and controlled diet always leads to healthy teeth.You can take advice from dentist that what all foods you can and cannot have for the healthy teeth.The forbidden foods will be hard candies,starchy foods,chewy foods like caramel toffees,sugary sodas etc.These foods remain in the teeth for a long time even if you have finished eating them.Then there will be a hike in the harmful bacteria which will drill through the enamel finally causing tooth decay,gum disease,cavities etc.

Really,dental problems can be prevented with a diet that will reduce dental diseases.People whose saliva contains more vitamin K are less susceptible to oral diseases.Vitamin K is called as one of the key nutrients for dental health and vitamin K causes the deposition of calcium in the teeth which in turn renders strength to the teeth.
Common Sources of Vitamin K are:

  • Liver
  • Fats of grazing animals
  • Egg Yolk
  • Cheese and butter

There is an another Asian product (Mostly seen in Japanese markets) called Nato a soy product which is fermented to render high quantity of Vitamin K.

A diet that includes cod liver oil and butter oil which contains high quantities of vitamins are found to prevent the tooth decay.If this diet is made completely without any sugar helps the teeth to rebuild itself naturally.To speed up the healing process some dentists use a drop of a combination of cod liver oil and butter oil as a part of treatment.

A proper and healthy diet are needed for a baby to build up a strong and wide palate.If the baby is not nourished with proper diet there is a greater chance for the formation of large palate causing to emerge misaligned teeth which ultimately lead to dental braces in children.These dental braces in children can be avoided when the baby is properly nutrified from the earlier stages of development that is from the foetal stages to the first years of his life for a strong and wide palate.

It is clear from these facts that you can build up strong teeth with a proper diet and avoid most of the dental problems in the earlier stages of life itself.Eating right food can surely fight against oral diseases.

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Dental Problems of Aged People

Teeth Braces

Dental care is very important for all aged people since the lose of one permanent tooth is the loss forever.And the older people have much complicated and different types of dental problems compared with the younger people. Even so,proper dental care from the small age itself can prevent most of the dental problems.

One of the most common dental problems that the older people face are the cavities. Dry mouth is the one condition that ultimately lead to tooth decay and one of the cause of dry mouth is any kind of medication taken by the elder people.As part of the ageing process they may start to notice their gums receding exposing the root of the tooth to the cavities.If the older people doesn’t had the benefit of having fluoridated water during their younger days,the chance of weakening the teeth are more.

People of this age may experience tooth sensitivity to the utmost temperatures,sweet and sour foods etc. due to the gum recession exposing the tooth root.Brushing with formulated toothpastes and using fluoridated oral products can somehow minimize the tooth sensitivity.The much better option is to do a soft tissue graft by consulting a dentist.

Senior citizens are more at the risk of oral cancer than the younger people and their life long habit of smoking and drinking increases the chance for this disease.It should be brought to the attention of a doctor immediately if a lesion or sore is seen in the mouth.

The most common problem with the elderly people is the loosening of teeth.A better suggestion to this problem is to consult a Periodontist who will recommend a thorough checkup.

Older adults who are fitted with dentures sometimes feel some discomfort with the fitting of dentures.This is because the bones and gums that support dentures also begin to loose strength and change shape as you get older.Take the dentures to the dentist as soon as possible rather than to correct it yourself.

The problem of the teeth will eventually lead to Malnutrition since the older people mostly have the problems of chewing and swallowing.So it is much better to have a balanced type of eating habit which include a lot of grains,fruits and vegetables and limit your intake of salt.Regular consultation (normally once in 6 months) with the dentist is the only way to save your teeth.

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How to whiten your teeth with activated charcoal remedy?

Many people dream that their smile was perfect, and their teeth – even and snow-white. At the same time, this cannot boast of many. Coffee, strong tea, cigarettes, sweets, red wine, poor ecology, eating soft food and a poorly balanced diet – all this affects our teeth and changes them not for the better. By the recognition of dentists, the state of the teeth of a modern person is not any better than our ancestors several centuries ago.

How at home to conduct a test for whiteness of teeth?

Dreaming of a radiant white smile, people often resort to the help of dentists. Those, in turn, offer them a procedure for professional teeth whitening. In the course of it, as a rule, the teeth are ground, then they are applied with a special gel and are exposed to a laser or special lamps. At the end of the procedure, to strengthen the enamel, the doctor applies a special coating on the teeth, the main component of which is fluoride.

However, this procedure is quite expensive, and few can afford it, so those who want to save, but still achieve a white result, can whiten their teeth themselves.

Activated charcoal methods of teeth whitening at home

For self-bleaching of teeth at home, activated charcoal remedy is best to use. Some people are suitable for themselves, others for others. However, do not forget that before resorting to this or that remedy, it is not superfluous to consult a dentist and make sure that you do not have any allergies to activated charcoal. You can also get more information about activated charcoal for teeth in here Discover charcoal toothpaste.

Activated charcoal remedies are not as harmless as they may seem. Each of them should be treated with care, because there is always a chance to overdo it or misuse it. In addition, a dentist prescribes professional treatment or whitening, while taking into account the state of the enamel and the body as a whole.

With activated charcoal, things are quite simple. If it gets into the stomach or on the mucous membranes, then there will be no harm. But here using it too often for teeth whitening, you run the risk of damaging the enamel.

The fact is that some people, believing in the myth of safety, begin to whiten their teeth with activated charcoal every day. This weakens the enamel because of what it becomes more sensitive, and this increases the risk of caries, the appearance of cracks, which, of course, leads to unpleasant sensations.

In addition, remember that when brushing teeth with activated charcoal powder, do not put too much pressure on the brush, as this will only increase the risk of scratching the enamel. And various damages on the tooth surface are an excellent place for the accumulation of food, pigment and bacterial remains, which means that the pledge that a full-fledged hole may appear in the future.

Whitening with activated charcoal is not recommended for people who wear or recently removed braces. Also, it is not suitable for those who already have damages on the enamel.

Do not use activated charcoal more than once or twice a week and it is best to combine the procedure with strengthening the enamel.

Ideal requirements of Orthodontic arch wires

Orthodontic treatment with arch wires has got inevitable features of wires that has to be remembered and some of these features are given below:-

  • Spring Back:It is the measure of how far a wire can be deflected without causing permanent deformation.It is also called elastic deflection.
  • Stiffness:The presence of a low stiffness provides the ability to apply lower forces and a more constant force over time.
  • Formability:The arch wire has to exhibit high formability so as to bend into desired configuration such as coils,loops etc without fracturing the wire.
  • Resilience:It is the amount of force the wire can withstand before permanent deformation.
  • Biocompatibility and Environmental stability:Orthodontic arch wires should exhibit resistance to tarnish and corrosion and should be non-toxic.The material should maintain its desirable properties for extended periods of time after manufacture.
  • Joinability:The wire should be amenable to soldering and welding
  • Friction:The Arch wire should provide least friction at the wire-bracket interface.

Different types of Brackets

Brackets act as handlers to transmit the force from the active components to the teeth.Brackets have one or more slots that accept the arch wire.Brackets can be available in different designs and can be classified in a number of ways.

  • Edge type of bracket:Brackets used in the Edgewise and Straight Wire technique have a horizontal slot facing labially.These brackets with rectangular slots are so called because they accept wires of rectangular cross-section with the larger dimension being horizontal.These brackets provide greater control over tooth movement and do not permit tipping of teeth
  • Ribbon Arch Brackets:They are brackets which possess a vertical slot facing the occlusal or gingival direction.This kind of bracket is used with round wires to bring about tipping of teeth in labio-lingual as well as mesio-distal direction.These are used in Begg fixed appliance.
  • Weldable and Bondable brackets:Weldable brackets can be welded on to bands which in turn are cemented around the teeth and Bondable brackets can be bonded directly over the enamel.The under surface of bondable brackets has a mesh or grooves to help in interlocking with the adhesive while weldable brackets have a metal flange that can be welded to the band.
  • Metallic Brckets:Steel brackets are most commonly used of this type.The advantages are:-
  1. They can be recycled and sterilized
  2. They resist deformation and fracture
  3. They exhibit the least friction at the wire bracket interface
  • Ceramic Brackets:They are made up of aluminium oxides or Zirconium oxides.They are dimensionally stable,durable and resist staining in the oral environment but they are brittle and to compensate,their size is increased which tends to increase their bulk and also exhibit greater friction at the wire bracket compared to metallic brackets.
  • Plastic Brackets:They are mostly made up of Poly carbonates which are mainly meant to increase the esthetic value and they are available both in coloured or transparent forms.The main disadvantage is the friction between plastic brackets and metal arch wire is very high.

Dental Problems Among Children

Dental Problems

A silent plague may be the starting of the damage in your teeth in your younger age which will creep not only to the problems of your health but also leads to the social problems which eventually decrease your self esteem,find it hard for success for your later life,poor social interaction skills.The villain here are oral particlesthat result in  the development of dental carries,misalignment of teeth,halitosis or bad breath etc which will surely have a negative impact on the child’s health and also leads to social problems.Tooth decay due to the oral particles will make the child difficult to swallow and to chew food properly leading to poor digestion and assimilation of nutrients.Bad breath will make the child reluctant to talk and mingle with his peers which will finally demoralize the child. Read more

Diabetes And Oral Health

Diabetes And Oral Health

Diabetes in a patient also causes some problems in their oral health.It is not important that the patient suffering from diabetes have a long lasting and severe oral health troubles but a dramatic increase in blood sugar levels will have serious impact on teeth,gums,tongue etc.The theory behind the connection between Diabetes and oral health is that when the blood sugar levels are uncontrolled it affects the white blood cells adversely which are the first line of defense of our body which ultimately lead to bacterial oral infections like gum disease. Read more

Oral hygiene

Oral hygiene

Oral hygiene is important to maintain the integrity of the client’s teeth, gum, mucous membrane, and lips. The oral cavity or buccal cavity is comprised of the teeth, tongue and the oral mucosa. This cavity is bounded by the lips in the front, the cheeks on the sides, the mandibles at the floor of the mouth, the palatine bones at the roof and the pharynx at the back. The mouth contains the tongue, the teeth, the gums and the opening of the salivary glands. Read more

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